Answers to Questions from the Musette Bag
Binoculars around WWII

Military Time    


The US Army uses a 24 hour clock.


What we might call 1:00 p.m.,the military would say, "thirteen hundred hours."


Military time is used because it avoids the confusion between A.M. (morning hours) and P.M. (evening hours). ... For example, 0700 hours can only mean 7:00 in the morning because military time does not have 7:00 at night. 7:00 at night would be 1900 hours.
The purpose of a 24hr clock is to tell the time. It's used widely in Europe, and also by the military worldwide. The reason it is favoured over a 12hr clock is that it unambiguously labels the hours.

Morse Code  

Samuel Morse was a famous worldwide artist who painted the official portrait of President James Madison.

However Morse is better known for his part in inventing the telegraph machine. He is the one who developed a code of dots and dashes for alphabet communication. This was used with the ue of a telegraph, a single-wire machine.

Morse had observed the work of a Boston inventor, Thomas Jackson where he learned about electromagnetism. The original Morse patented telegraph is part of the collections of the National Museum of American History at the Smithsonian Institution. In time the Morse code, which he developed, would become the primary language of telegraphy in the world. It is still the standard for rhythmic transmission of data.


TelegraphyTelegraphy is the long-distance transmission of textual messages where the sender uses symbolic codes, known to the recipient, rather than a physical exchange of an object bearing the message.

Radiotelephony Spelling Alphabets aka Radio Phonetic Alphabets

Because spelling over radios or tele-communications was difficult to understand without errors, the military developed specific standardized words for letters. Each letter has a "code word" that coinsides with a word beginning with that letter. These are called "Radiotelephone Spelling Alphabets, or "Radio PHonetic Alphabets." They began before World War 1, and have changed over the years. Originally other Allied countries used their own alphabets but merged during WWII. These official alphabets changed around 1956. That alphabet was replaced by a Radiotelephony Spelling Alphabet with other members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). These alphabets are still used today in the military, law enforcement and other agencies who use telephone and radio communication.

The P38P38  


The tiny, lightweight, P-38 collapsible can opener was developed during World War II, reported to have been a rapid 30 days design project in the summer of 1942 by the U.S. Army Subsistence Research Laboratory in Chicago, IL.

The origin of the name is not clear (like the jeep)

Some claim it required exactly 38 punctures around a can to open it.

Others say it performed with the speed of a P-38 fighter plane.

Whatever the case, it is clear this little device has to be considered one of the most perfect inventions ever designed for use in combat.

It was lightweight, could fold and was convenient to carry as it could be added to the chain holding a soldier's dogtags.

CHECK there for more information on the P38 Can Opener and other Army topics.



96th Infantry Division

Remember the Deadeyes

Deadeye Extras

Who was Tokyo Rose?
According to Wikipedia: Tokyo Rose was a generic name given by Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II to any of approximately a dozen English-speaking female broadcasters of Japanese propaganda.
According to Bio-True Story

Iva Toguri, better known as “Tokyo Rose,” was born in Los Angeles on July 4, 1916. After college, she visited Japan and was stranded there after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Forced to renounce her U.S. citizenship, Toguri found work in radio and was asked to host “Zero Hour,” a propaganda and entertainment program aimed at U.S. soldiers. After the war, she was returned to the U.S. and convicted of treason, serving 6 years in prison.

President Gerald Ford pardoned Tokyo Rose in 1976 and she died in 2006.




To hear a Zero Hour broadcast

on September 19, 1944

Click Here




Insignias of the 96th Division

Information directly from the 96 Sustainment Brigade

Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
Distinctive Unit Insignia


Description: Two squares, 1 1/8 inches (2.86cm) on a side, placed with long axes vertical, dexter square white, one quarter covered with sinister side square blue, upon a six-sided olive drab polygon, diagonal sides parallel to square. The white square to be worn to dexter. The overall dimensions are 2 inches (5.08cm) in height by 2 7/8 inches (7.30cm) in width.

Symbolism: The 96th Division was organized from personnel of Oregon and Washington and was represented by the two squares. The squares were made white and blue, signifying the colors used by the United States.

Overlapping white (purity) and blue (courage) squares on khaki background.

Background: The shoulder sleeve insignia was originally approved for the 96th Division on 14 February 1927. It was redesignated for the 96th Infantry Division on 1 August 1942.


The insignia was redesignated for the 96th Command Headquarters (Divisional) on 26 July 1963. On 22 April 1968, it was authorized for the 96th U.S. Army Reserve Command. It was reassigned and authorized for the U.S. Army 96th Regional Support Command on 16 April 1996.

The insignia was redesignated for the 96th U.S. Army Regional Readiness Command effective 16 July 2003.

It was redesignated effective 17 September 2008, for the 96th Sustainment Brigade.




Description: A gold color metal and enamel device 1 1/8 inches (2.86cm) in height overall consisting of a scarlet semi-circular background bearing a gold demi-Philippine sunburst above a semi-circular gold background of convergent lines. Overall a vertical gold arrowhead point up superimposing a white chevron at the point and a blue square in base. Above all a semi-circular gold scroll inscribed "TO SERVE" in blue letters; below all a semi-circular gold scroll inscribed "AND EXCEL" in blue letters.

Symbolism: The elements of the design reflect the history of the 96th Division: The demi-Philippine sunburst symbolizes the unit's Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Blue, white and red are also the colors of the Philippine Presidential Unit Citation streamer. The white and blue squares were suggested by the unit's shoulder sleeve insignia and represent the unit's two World War II battle campaigns, Ryukus and Leyte. The arrowhead symbolizes the unit's assault landing at Leyte. The colors blue, scarlet and gold also refer to the three combat arms: Infantry, Artillery and Armor.

Background: The distinctive unit insignia was originally approved for the 96th U.S. Army Reserve Command on 16 October 1970. It was reassigned and authorized for the U.S. Army 96th Regional Support Command on 16 April 1996. The insignia was redesignated for the U.S. Army 96th Regional Readiness Command effective 16 July 2003. It was redesignated 17 September 2008, for the 96th Sustainment Brigade.


This is the Insignia of the

HHC 191st Combat Sustainment Support Battalion, the "Ghost Riders"

who are serving in Kuwait today. These troops wear the double diamond patch. See their information on our site. Click their insignnia.


This information came directly from

Thank you


Some Favorite WWII Movies in the Pacific

Unbroken (2014) - IMDb
A bombardier in the Army Air Corps, Zamperini was in a plane that went down, and when he arrived on shore in Japan 47 days later, he was taken as a prisoner of war and tortured for two years.

Letters from Iwo Jima (2006) - IMDb
The story of the battle of Iwo Jima between the United States and Imperial Japan during World War II, as told from the perspective of the Japanese who fought it.

Flags of our Fathers
The life stories of the six men who raised the flag at the Battle of Iwo Jima, a turning point in World War II.

Battle of Okinawa - HISTORY › topics › world-war-ii › battle-of-okinawa › topics › world-war-ii › battle-of-okinawa

Hacksaw Ridge (2016) - IMDb
was the last major battle of World War II, and one of the bloodiest. ... The Maeda Escarpment, also known as Hacksaw Ridge, was located ..

The Caine Mutiny (1954) - IMDbThe Caine Mutiny is a 1954 American film. A fictional Navy drama set in the Pacific during World War II, it was directed by Edward Dmytryk and produced by ...

5. 'From Here to Eternity' (1953) 
It's one of the most iconic and instantly recognizable movie kisses of all time: The impossibly pretty Burt Lancaster and equally impossibly pretty Deborah Kerr kissing in the surf, the waves washing over their entwined bodies. The movie, set in Hawaii in the months leading up to Pearl Harbor, follows Sgt. Warden (Lancaster) as he strikes up an affair with his captain's neglected wife (Kerr) — an affair made all the sexier because it's a punishable offense in the service. They run back to their towels, their sopping bodies joining again for another embrace. "I never knew it could be like this," she says, breathless with the wonder of it all. "Nobody ever kissed me the way you do."

Search Results
Web results

Sands of Iwo Jima (1949) - IMDb
dramatization of the World War II Battle of Iwo Jima.

Patton (film) - Wikipedia › wiki › Patton_(film)
Patton is a 1970 American epic biographical war film about U.S. General George S. Patton during World War II. It stars George C. Scott, Karl Malden, Michael ...

'The Burmese Harp' (1956) 
A talented harp-playing Japanese soldier in then-Burma is sent into the mountains to convince a troop of holdouts to surrender peacefully to the British and fails. The resulting bloodshed snaps something in the harpist. He wanders the land, at first merely pretending to be a monk and then gradually becoming one as he witnesses the ravages of war.

To End All Wars (2001) - IMDb
four Allied POWs who endure harsh treatment from their Japanese captors during World War II while being forced to build a railroad through ...

Emperor (2012) - IMDb
Japanese surrender at the end of World War II, General ...

Empire of the Sun is a 1987 American epic coming-of-age war film based on J. G. ... The film tells the story of Jamie "Jim" Graham, a young boy who goes from living in a wealthy British family in Shanghai, to becoming a prisoner of war in a Japanese internment camp, during World War II.

Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison - Wikipedia
two people stranded on a Japanese-occupied island in the pacific

King Rat is a 1965 American war film two World War II prisoners of war in a squalid camp near Singapore. Among the supporting cast are John Mills and Tom Courtenay.

Three Came Home (1950) - IMD

Rating: 7.3/10 - ‎1,587 votes
Three Came Home Poster. During Word War II, American author Agnes Newton Keith is imprisoned by the Japanese in various POW camps in North Borneo ...

Flying Leathernecks (1951) - IMDb
Rating: 6.5/10 - ‎4,253 votes
Directed by Nicholas Ray. With John Wayne, Robert Ryan, Don Taylor, Janis Carter. Major Kirby leads The Wildcats squadron into the historic WWII battle of ...Guadalcanal

MacArthur (1977) - IMDb
The film is framed in flashback, with an octogenarian General Douglas MacArthur (Peck) making his final address before his alma mater of West Point. We flash ...

The Gallant Hours - Wikipedia
The Gallant Hours is an American docudrama from 1960 about William F. Halsey, Jr. and his efforts in fighting against Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto and the Imperial Japanese Navy in the Guadalcanal campaign of World War II.

None but the Brave - Wikipedia › wiki › None_but_the_Brave
None but the Brave, also known as Yūsha nomi in Japan, is a 1965 war film with Frank Sinatra, Clint Walker, Tatsuya Mihashi, Tommy Sands and Brad Dexter.

Tora! Tora! Tora! - Wikipedia
Tora! Tora! Tora! (Japanese: トラ・トラ・トラ!) is a 1970 epic war film that dramatizes the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. The film was produced by .

Pearl Harbor (film) - Wikipedia

Midway (1976) - IMDb
An expensive war epic, Midway emulates The Longest Day and Tora! Tora! Tora! in attempting to re-create a famous World War II battle from both the American and Japanese viewpoints. The 1942 battle of Midway was the turning point of the War in the Pacific; the Japanese invasion fleet was destroyed, and America's string of humiliating defeats was finally broken. Though the battle itself was sufficiently dramatic to fill two films,