96th Infantry Division - Musette Bag- Answers

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What was VJ Day?   

Victory Over Japan

Victory over Japan Day (also known as Victory in the Pacific Day, V-J Day, or V-P Day) is a name chosen for the day on which Japan surrendered, effectively ending World War II, and subsequent anniversaries of that event. The term has been applied to both of the days on which the initial announcement of Japan's surrender was made – to the afternoon of August 15, 1945, in Japan, and, because of time zone differences, to August 14, 1945 (when it was announced in the United States and the rest of the Americas and Eastern Pacific Islands) – as well as to September 2, 1945, when the signing of the surrender document occurred, officially ending World War II. From Wikipedia

On September 2, 1945, a formal surrender ceremony was performed in Tokyo Bay, Japan, aboard the battleship USS Missouri.

Allied sailors and officers watch Gen. Douglas MacArthur sign documents during the surrender ceremony aboard USS Missouri that ended World War II on Sept. 2, 1945.
U.S. ARMY

 
     

Link to V-J Day, the Formal Surrender of Japan

Army Center of Military History

 

"VJ Day, 2 September, commemorates the Allied victory over Japan in World War II. On 2 September 1945 the Japanese signed the formal surrender documents ending the war.

After Germany’s defeat in May 1945, the United States embarked upon a huge logistical effort to redeploy to the Pacific more than a million troops from Europe, the United States, and other inactive theaters. The aim was to complete the redeployment in time to launch an invasion of Japan on 1 November......."

     
     
 

Alfred Eisenstaedt’s Iconic Photo of a V-J Day Kiss made famous by Life Magazine

 

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What is the Blue Star Flag?

 

Today, many mothers and fathers who have sons and daughters serving today, continue this tradition and hang a Blue Star Flag in their windows.

What does it mean when we see this flag in a window?

 

   Back when soldiers were going to serve our country in WWII, a group of mothers hung these special flags in their windows.

 

  If they had one son, or loved one, serving, they had one blue star. For every son who was serving, the flag had a blue star for each one.

 

  If the flag had a gold star, that meant that the son had given his life for our country.

 
 
   
 

The group of mothers who started this tradition, were called the Blue Star Mothers of America, and they are still an active organization today.

The are a non-profit (501[c]3) Veterans service organization supporting our military children while promoting patriotism.

 

 
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Who was Tokyo Rose?

According to Wikipedia:

Tokyo Rose was a generic name given by Allied forces in the South Pacific during World War II to any of approximately a dozen English-speaking female broadcasters of Japanese propaganda.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tokyo_Rose

CLICK To hear a "Zero Hour" broadcast on September 19, 1944

 

 

According to Bio-True Story

Iva Toguri, better known as “Tokyo Rose,” was born in Los Angeles on July 4, 1916. After college, she visited Japan and was stranded there after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Forced to renounce her U.S. citizenship, Toguri found work in radio and was asked to host “Zero Hour,” a propaganda and entertainment program aimed at U.S. soldiers. After the war, she was returned to the U.S. and convicted of treason, serving 6 years in prison.

President Gerald Ford pardoned Tokyo Rose in 1976 and she died in 2006.

http://www.biography.com/people/tokyo-rose-37481

 

 

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What is Radiotelegraphy?

Phonemic Alphabet
Morse Code
Telegraph

Phonetic Alphabets are International systems to make certain letters are correctly understood over different types of radio communication. An easy to understand word is assigned to each letter. It was devised as a standardized representation of the sounds (phonemes) of spoken language.

Both the telegraph and Morse code were invented by Samuel Morse.

To learn more about Morse Code go to Kids Konnect for worksheets and fun activities using this form of telecommuncation. CLICK

Morse code was invented to encode text and characters as electrical signals to be used with telecommunication. It consists of series of dots and dashes or dits and dahs. By using this system with a telegraph machine information can be sent to important strategic locations. It was invaluable in WWII.

     
2nd Batallion 382nd Regiment Deadeye using the field radio.
     
Radio at War - Ham Radio and Military Radio Communications WWII
 
This is an RCA 1944 documentary depicting radio communications during World War II.
     
 
Deadeyes Woody Martin and George Kern of the Signal Corps at Conical Hill
     

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